Group Max Occurs vs. Max Occurs / Group Min Occurs vs. Min Occurs

Posted: June 15, 2011  |  Categories: Schemas Uncategorized

Min vs. Max

For a given schema, the Min occurs value should always be less than Max Occurs value. The default values for these 2 properties are “1”, which means if we won’t specify the values, then the field is mandatoryJ. So please don’t ignore these properties and always set the Min Occurs value to “0”, if the field is not mandatory.  If the maximum no of occurrences of the field is not known, then set the Max Occurs property to “unbounded” or “*” (Same is the case for Group Max Occurs and Group Min Occurs also.)

Group Max Occurs vs. Max Occurs

As the name implies the ‘Max Occurs’ informs us the maximum occurrences of a particular field and the ‘Group Max Occurs’ informs us the maximum occurrences of a group of fields irrespective of the Group Order  Type property value. Here the Group can be of any type. It can be either “Sequence “or “Choice”. (Same is the case for Min occurs also). It means if the Group Max property is 5 for a group, then the group can appear for a max of 5 times but not more than that.


The node structure will be like this.


    <Child>First Instance</ Child >

    < Child >Second Instance </ Child >

    < Child >Third Instance </ Child >

    < Child >Fourth Instance </ Child >

    < Child> Fifth Instance </ Child >


Note: It’s the Group Max property of “Parent” element but not “Child”. Because I have seen people thinking it’s for “Child” node as “Child” is getting repeated but not the “Parent”.

The Group properties will be disabled for the Records which don’t have any sub records. A point to note down here is if we add a Sequence/Choice group directly (instead of setting the Group Order property to “Sequence”/”Choice”), the Group properties will be disabled.

Here the Record111 does not have any sub fields. So automatically the Group properties are disabled.



Here as the Record11 has sub elements, the Group properties are enabled.


Here you can see that the Group Max/ Min Properties are not applicable for Sequence. Similar is the case for Choice.


Hope you are clear on these properties now. 🙂


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